Timeline LGPS Investment Regulations 2016
2016 No. 946
PUBLIC SECTOR PENSIONS, ENGLAND AND WALES
The Local Government Pension Scheme (Management and Investment of Funds) Regulations 2016
Made ---- 21st September 2016
Laid before Parliament ---- 23rd September 2016
Coming into force ---- 1st November 2016
In accordance with section 21(1) of that Act, the Secretary of State has consulted such persons and the representatives of such persons as appeared to the Secretary of State to be likely to be affected by these Regulations.
In accordance with section 3(5) of that Act, these Regulations are made with the consent of the Treasury.
1. Citation, commencement and extent
1.—(1) These Regulations may be cited as the Local Government Pension Scheme (Management and Investment of Funds) Regulations 2016.
(2) These Regulations come into force on 1st November 2016.
(3) These Regulations extend to England and Wales.
2.—(1) In these Regulations—
|“the 2000 Act” means the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000|
|“the 2013 Regulations” means the Local Government Pension Scheme Regulations 2013;|
|“the Transitional Regulations” means the Local Government Pension Scheme (Transitional Provisions, Savings and Amendment) Regulations 2014;|
|“authority” means an administering authority listed in Part 1 of Schedule 3 to the 2013 Regulations;|
|“fund money” means money that is or should be in a pension fund maintained by an authority;|
|“proper advice” means the advice of a person whom the authority reasonably considers to be qualified by their ability in and practical experience of financial matters;|
|“the Scheme” means the scheme established by the 2013 Regulations.|
(2) Any restrictions imposed by these Regulations apply to authorities which have the power within section 1 of the Localism Act 2011 (local authority’s general power of competence) or section 5A(1) of the Fire and Rescue Services Act 2004 in the exercise of those powers.
(3) Any authority which does not have the powers mentioned in paragraph (2) has, by virtue of these Regulations the power to do anything authorised or required by these Regulations.
3.—(1) In these Regulations “investment” includes—
|(a)||a contract entered into in the course of dealing in financial futures, traded options or derivatives;|
|(b)||a contribution to a limited partnership in an unquoted securities investment;|
|(c)||a contract of insurance if it is a contract of a relevant class, and is entered into with a person within paragraph (2) for whom entering into the contract constitutes the carrying on of a regulated activity within the meaning of section 22 of the 2000 Act.|
(2) The persons within this paragraph are—
|(a)||a person who has permission under Part 4A of the 2000 Act (permission to carry on regulated activities) to effect or carry out contracts of insurance of a relevant class;|
|(b)||an EEA firm of the kind mentioned in paragraph 5(d) of Schedule 3 to the 2000 Act (EEA passport rights), which has permission under paragraph 15 of that Schedule to effect or carry out contracts of insurance of a relevant class; and|
|(c)||a person who does not fall within sub-paragraph (a) or (b) whose head office is in an EEA state other than the United Kingdom, and who is permitted by the law of that state to effect or carry out contracts of insurance of a relevant class.|
(3) A contract of insurance is of a relevant class for the purposes of paragraphs (1)(c) and (2) if it is—
|(a)||a contract of insurance on human life or a contract to pay an annuity on human life where the benefits are wholly or partly to be determined by reference to the value of, or income from, property of any description (whether or not specified in the contract) or by reference to fluctuations in, or an index of, the value of property of any description (whether or not so specified); or|
|(b)||a contract to manage the investments of pension funds, whether or not combined with a contract of insurance covering either conservation of capital or payment of minimum interest.|
(4) For the purposes of this regulation—
4. Management of a pension fund
|(a)||the amounts payable by it or payable to it under regulations 15(3)(b), 67 and 68 of the 2013 Regulations (employer’s contributions and further payments);|
|(b)||all amounts received under regulation 69(1)(a) of the 2013 Regulations (member contributions);|
|(c)||all income arising from investment of the fund; and|
|(d)||all capital money deriving from such investment.|
(2) In the case of an authority which maintains more than one pension fund, as respects sums which relate to specific members, the references in this regulation to the authority’s pension fund is to the fund which is the appropriate fund for the member in question in accordance with the 2013 Regulations.
(3) Interest under regulation 71 of the 2013 Regulations (interest on late payments by Scheme employers) must be credited to the pension fund to which the overdue payment is due.
(5) Any costs, charges and expenses incurred administering a pension fund may be paid from it except for charges prescribed by regulations made under sections 23, 24 or 41 of the Welfare Reform and Pensions Act 1999 (charges in relation to pension sharing costs).
5. Restriction on power to borrow
5.—(1) Except as provided in this regulation, an authority must not borrow money where the borrowing is liable to be repaid out of its pension fund.
(2) Subject to paragraph (3), an authority may borrow by way of temporary loan or overdraft which is liable to be repaid out of its pension fund, any sums which it may require for the purpose of—
|(a)||paying benefits due under the Scheme; or|
|(b)||to meet investment commitments arising from the implementation of a decision by it to change the balance between different types of investment.|
(3) An authority may only borrow money under paragraph (2) if, at the time of the borrowing, the authority reasonably believes that the sum borrowed and interest charged in respect of that sum can be repaid out of its pension fund within 90 days of the borrowing.
6. Separate bank account
(2) “Deposit-taker” for the purposes of paragraph (1) means—
|(a)||a person who has permission under Part 4A of the 2000 Act (permission to carry on regulated activities) to carry on the activities specified by article 5 of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) Order 2001 (accepting deposits);|
|(b)||an EEA firm of the kind mentioned in paragraph 5(b) of Schedule 3 to the 2000 Act (EEA passport rights) which has permission under paragraph 15 of that Schedule to accept deposits;|
|(c)||the Bank of England or the central bank of an EEA state other than the United Kingdom; or|
|(d)||the National Savings Bank.|
(3) An authority must secure that the deposit-taker may not exercise a right of set-off in relation to the account referred to in paragraph (1) in respect of any other account held by the authority or any party connected to the authority.
7. Investment strategy statement
(2) The authority’s investment strategy must include—
|(a)||a requirement to invest fund money in a wide variety of investments;|
|(b)||the authority’s assessment of the suitability of particular investments and types of investments;|
|(c)||the authority’s approach to risk, including the ways in which risks are to be assessed and managed;|
|(d)||the authority’s approach to pooling investments, including the use of collective investment vehicles and shared services;|
|(e)||the authority’s policy on how social, environmental and corporate governance considerations are taken into account in the selection, non-selection, retention and realisation of investments; and|
|(f)||the authority’s policy on the exercise of the rights (including voting rights) attaching to investments.|
(4) The authority’s investment strategy may not permit more than 5% of the total value of all investments of fund money to be invested in entities which are connected with that authority within the meaning of section 212 of the Local Government and Public Involvement in Health Act 2007.
(5) The authority must consult such persons as it considers appropriate as to the proposed contents of its investment strategy.
(6) The authority must publish a statement of its investment strategy formulated under paragraph (1) and the first such statement must be published no later than 1st April 2017.
(7) The authority must review and if necessary revise its investment strategy from time to time, and at least every 3 years, and publish a statement of any revisions.
8. Directions by the Secretary of State
8.—(1) This regulation applies in relation to an authority’s investment functions under these Regulations and the 2013 Regulations if the Secretary of State is satisfied that the authority is failing to act in accordance with guidance issued under regulation 7(1).
(2) Where this regulation applies in relation to an authority the Secretary of State may make a direction requiring all or any of the following—
|(a)||that the authority make such changes to its investment strategy under regulation 7 as the Secretary of State considers appropriate, within such period of time as is specified in the direction;|
|(b)||that the authority invest such assets or descriptions of assets as are specified in the direction in such manner as is specified in the direction;|
|(c)||that the investment functions of the authority under these Regulations and under the 2013 Regulations be exercised by the Secretary of State or a person nominated by the Secretary of State for a period specified in the direction or for so long as the Secretary of State considers appropriate;|
|(d)||that the authority comply with any instructions of the Secretary of State or the Secretary of State’s nominee in relation to the exercise of its investment functions under these Regulations and the 2013 Regulations and provide such assistance as the Secretary of State or the Secretary of State’s nominee may require for the purpose of exercising those functions.|
(3) Before making a decision whether to issue a direction under this regulation, and as to the contents of any direction, the Secretary of State must consult the authority concerned.
(4) In reaching a decision whether to issue a direction under this regulation, and as to the contents of any direction, the Secretary of State must have regard to such evidence of the manner in which the authority is discharging or proposes to discharge its investment functions as is reasonably available including—
|(a)||any report from an actuary appointed under section 13(4) of the Public Service Pensions Act 2013 (employer contributions in funded schemes) or by the authority under regulation 62 of the 2013 Regulations (actuarial valuations of pension funds);|
|(b)||any report from the local pension board appointed by the authority or from the Local Government Pension Scheme Advisory Board;|
|(c)||any representations made by the authority in response to the consultation under paragraph (3);|
|(d)||any other evidence that the Secretary of State regards as relevant to whether the authority has been complying with these Regulations or acting in accordance with guidance issued under regulation 7(1).|
(5) If the Secretary of State is of the opinion that additional information is required to enable a decision to be taken whether to issue a direction under this regulation, or as to what any direction should contain, the Secretary of State may carry out such inquiries as the Secretary of State considers appropriate to obtain that information.
(6) An authority must comply with any request from the Secretary of State intended to facilitate the obtaining of information under paragraph (5).
9. Investment managers
(3) The authority must reasonably believe that the investment manager’s ability in and practical experience of financial matters make that investment manager suitably qualified to make investment decisions for it.
10. Investments under section 11(1) of the Trustee Investments Act 1961
10. An authority to which section 11 of the Trustee Investments Act 1961 applies may invest, without any restriction as to quantity, in any investment made in accordance with a scheme under section 11(1) of that Act (which enables the Treasury to approve schemes for local authorities to invest in collectively).
11. Consequential amendments
11.—(1) The 2013 Regulations are amended as follows.
(2) For regulation 57(1)(i) (pension fund annual report) substitute—
|“(i)the current version of the investment strategy under regulation 7 (investment strategy statement) of the Local Government Pension Scheme (Management and Investment of Funds) Regulations 2016;”.|
(3) For regulation 58(4)(b) (funding strategy statement) substitute—
|“(b)the current version of the investment strategy under regulation 7 (investment strategy statement) of the Local Government Pension Scheme (Management and Investment of Funds) Regulations 2016.”.|
(4) For regulation 69(2)(b) (payment by Scheme employers to administering authorities) substitute—
|“(b)paragraph (1)(c) does not apply where the cost of the administration of the fund is paid out of the fund under regulation 4(5) (management of a pension fund) of the Local Government Pension Scheme (Management and Investment of Funds) Regulations 2016.”.|
12. Revocations and transitional provision
12.—(1) The Local Government Pension Scheme (Management and Investment of Funds) Regulations 2009 and the Local Government Pension Scheme (Management and Investment of Funds) (Amendment) Regulations 2013 are revoked.
(2) Regulations 11 (investment policy and investment of pension fund money), 12 (statement of investment principles), 14 (restrictions on investments), 15 (requirements for increased limits) of and Schedule 1 (table of limits on investments) to the Local Government Pension Scheme (Management and Investment of Funds) Regulations 2009 continue to have effect in relation to an authority until the date when that authority first publishes its investment strategy statement under regulation 7.
(3) For the period starting on 1st November 2016 and ending on whichever is the earlier of the date the authority publishes its investment strategy statement under regulation 7, or 31st March 2017, regulation 7 applies to an authority only to the extent necessary to enable that authority to formulate and publish its investment strategy statement.